September 2023 TorchStone Global Monthly Executive Protection Report
TorchStone Global believes that broader situational awareness and intelligence are key to providing quality executive protection—whether the principal is a Fortune 500 CEO, international movie star, or local city council member. With that in mind, we are launching our monthly executive protection report, cataloging incidents we have captured through our open-source searches that are relevant to the practice of executive protection. We hope the report will serve as a centralized source of threat activity to provide insight into current trends in threats to high-profile individuals.
For more information on customized threat tracking for at-risk individuals, threat assessments, executive protection, or other security services, please contact us.
The TorchStone Executive Protection Report tracked 36 domestic and 18 international security incidents or updates to prior incidents impacting high-profile individuals during the month of September. Below are some key incidents of note over the past month.
- The CEO and founder of tech company EcoMap, Pava LePere, was found dead from blunt force injuries on the rooftop of her Baltimore, MD apartment building on Sept 25. Several days later, police arrested the suspected killer, who had an extensive history of violent crime, including a rape/murder just days before he killed Pava LePere. Surveillance footage of her apartment building suggests that the killer had arranged a meeting with Ms. LePere, but the details of their relationship are so far unknown. Details surrounding how Ms. LePere came into contact with the killer are likely to be helpful to corporate EP teams in screening executive contacts in order to keep them from harm.
- A man whom police arrested in August on charges of stalking actress Drew Barrymore targeted actress Emma Watson in her dressing room during New York Fashion Week. The incident targeting Ms. Watson occurred less than two weeks after his arrest for stalking Ms. Barrymore. The incidents demonstrate how stalkers can quickly switch fixations and pose threats to other high-profile individuals.
- Protests and threats against members of the U.S. Congress are likely to continue over the coming months amid leadership issues and a pending funding crisis. Healthcare and environmental activist groups targeted the office of the Speaker of the House at the U.S. Capitol building in Washington, D.C. in September. The protests were critical of financial cuts to programs and the overall funding crisis and the threat of a government shutdown over September. While Congress passed a temporary measure to keep the government open on Sept 30, the House of Representatives took the unprecedented step of removing House Speaker Kevin McCarthy on Oct 3. The coming month is likely to see continued turbulence in Congress and further funding crises, which will fuel threats against Congress members. U.S. Capitol Police have reported administrative challenges in addressing the growing number of threats to members of Congress.
DOMESTIC U.S. INCIDENTS
September 3, 2023: Former winner of the Eurovision Song Contest Alexander Ryback has stated that he is being stalked in Los Angeles. Mr. Ryback said that the stalker has been harassing him every day for a “long time” and has gone as far as showing up at his Los Angeles residence. Mr. Ryback made the statement via his TikTok account but did not release the stalker’s identity or confirm if law enforcement is currently investigating the stalking claims.
September 13, 2023: A criminal known for robbing celebrity homes in Los Angeles has been convicted and is facing up to 45 years in prison. The individual had broken into and robbed 11 high-profile individuals between 2016-2018, including residences belonging to Usher, Adam Lambert, Dorit Kemsley, and Shaun Phillips. During his arrest, police found over 2,000 stolen items worth an estimated $5.5 million. The individual is expected to be sentenced in October 2023.
September 13, 2023: The man accused of stalking Paris Jackson was arrested in Los Angeles. Ms. Jackson filed a restraining order against the man after he scaled her fence and attempted to gain access to her residence in August 2023, but he began harassing Ms. Jackson online in 2019. The man is facing four charges related to the stalking and is facing up to one year in jail.
• August 21-23, 2023: Paris Jackson filed for a restraining order against an alleged stalker. Two days later, law enforcement responded to reports of a trespasser at Ms. Jackson’s residence located in the Hollywood Hills neighborhood on Aug 23. Upon the LAPD’s arrival, they discovered an individual had breached the rear gate of the residence and encountered a guest staying at Miss Jackson’s home while she was away. After the confrontation, the intruder fled the property, authorities are actively pursuing the investigation and have heightened their presence with increased patrols in the vicinity. It is unclear if the incident is related to Ms. Jackson’s Aug 28 complaints of harassment surrounding her late father. In June 2018, Ms. Jackson had a brief encounter with an alleged stalker at a recording studio, prompting her to file for a temporary restraining order.
September 15, 2023: A man has been arrested for entering a campaign event held by Robert F. Kennedy Jr. with a loaded weapon. The man was charged with carrying a concealed weapon and impersonating federal law enforcement as he had a badge stating he was a U.S. Marshall. Mr. Kennedy’s security team identified the individual and reported him to Los Angeles police who were in attendance.
September 10, 2023: Two black female models in their early 30s were found dead in their Los Angeles apartments on Sept 10 and 12 respectively. The models lived in different buildings but lived in close proximity to one another. LAPD officials have said that one of the deaths is being treated as a homicide while no cause has been determined in the other. LAPD has stated that they do not believe the two murders are related, but members of the public and other black, female models in the area have expressed concern.
September 14, 2023: Video game company Unity closed its offices in San Francisco, CA, and Austin, TX due to credible death threats. The closure was announced as CEO John Riccitiello was scheduled to address the company’s staff following controversial changes to Unity’s pricing model. The threats were issued via social media by a current employee of the company. Unity announced that it would close both offices on Sept 14 and 15.
September 22, 2023: Actor Tyler James Williams was granted a temporary civil harassment restraining order in Los Angeles County against an alleged male stalker. The individual reportedly drove 2,2200 miles and arrived at his Los Angeles apartment complex on Sept 1. According to Mr. Williams, the purported stalker gained access to the Los Angeles apartment complex and knocked on his door for four hours. The camera installed at his apartment entrance recorded the supposed stalker shouting, “I can’t believe I’m leaving, and we didn’t get to talk. This isn’t f—— fair.” This incident highlights the importance of continually tracking stalkers and other fixated individuals.
September 14, 2023: A judge has dismissed singer Jhené Aiko’s request for a permanent restraining order. The judge cited Ms. Aiko failure to appear in court for the scheduled hearing as his reasoning for discharging the request and closed the case. The man who was charged with stalking the singer was arrested on August 18, 2023, and has yet to be released.
• August 21, 2023: Music artists Jhené Aiko and Big Sean filed for a temporary civil harassment restraining order in Los Angeles County against a 29-year-old male alleged stalker. Ms. Aiko stated that the man breached the gated home in Pacific Palisades, evaded the security team, and made entry into the residence. Ms. Aiko also claimed that the man recently attended an event where she performed.
September 16, 2023: During a book signing event at the Los Angeles Barnes & Noble hosted by Matthew McConaughey, law enforcement removed a suspected female stalker upon confirming the presence of an active restraining order against her. According to court records, Mr. McConaughey asserted that the woman had been harassing him since April 2022. The documents indicated the alleged stalker had been sending the actor disturbing letters, emails, and baseless lawsuits with the intention of coaxing him into communication.
September 23, 2023: Social media influencer Ishmael Khan was one of the three victims of a home invasion robbery in Los Angeles. The robbers gained entrance to the home by breaking a side window and got away with items estimated to be worth $20,000. Mr. Khan stated that he was targeted as the criminals “knew who he was… they found me on Instagram.” No suspects have been arrested but police have confirmed they are searching for three or four males in connection with the robbery.
September 25, 2023: A Los Angeles resident accused of sending over 400 threatening emails to multiple New Jersey government officials has been indicted on federal charges. The charges stem from threatening comments the man posted on the Lacey Township Police Facebook page. Police filed for an “extreme risk protective order” due to the comments, which prompted the man to write the threatening emails. The emails targeted the Ocean County Police Commissioner, a Lacey Municipal Judge, an Ocean County Superior Court Judge, and a Lacey Township Board of Education attorney. The man is in federal detention until his trial.
September 26, 2023: Police increased patrols around Burbank City Hall, city buildings, and the residence of Burbank Mayor Konstantine Anthony after a series of bomb threats targeting the locations. Burbank police deemed the threats not credible and found no evidence of explosive materials after searching the locations. The threats come soon after Mayor Anthony attended a high-profile Drag Bingo event. Drag and other Trans events have been targeted with threats and sometimes violence across the country in recent months.
September 28, 2023: Miley Cyrus obtained a civil harassment restraining order from Los Angeles County on Sept 28 against a 52-year-old man. According to reports, the male allegedly made an unwanted visit to her Malibu residence after his August release from San Quentin State Prison. Furthermore, Ms. Cyrus asserted he sent a letter from prison outlining his intention to visit her residence. Ms. Cyrus accused the alleged stalker of harassing her with obsessive letters since 2018, frequently seeking money and making sexually explicit comments. The individual has made multiple unwanted in-person contacts at her Malibu residence since 2022.
September 18, 2023: Colorado State University player Henry Blackburn has received death threats stemming from an illegal on-field hit targeting an opposing player. Both Mr. Blackburn and his family have received threatening phone calls, text messages, and social media posts after being doxed by an unknown social media user. The Colorado State University Police and local authorities are actively investigating all threats.
September 3, 2023: Milton Mayor Peyton Jamison received threatening text messages targeting him and his family. The mayor also received a phone call to his City Hall office where the caller said, “I’m going to kill you and everyone there.” The mayor has not received any other messages or calls since the night in City Hall and expressed confusion over why he was receiving threats. Police are working to identify the caller.
September 18, 2023: TV personality and singer, Tamar Braxton, had her vehicle broken into and robbed at her residence in Atlanta. The robbery happened just after Braxton had moved from LA after her home was burglarized. Braxton voiced that the event was triggering as she does not feel safe anywhere and feels repeatedly “violated.”
September 8, 2023: Members of the environmental action group Climate Defiance interrupted Rep. Steny Hoyer at his annual bull roast in Prince George’s County. The group began chanting “End Fossil Fuels!” during the congressman’s speech before calmly exiting the venue. Rep. Hoyer acknowledged the group’s concerns following the event. The bull roast is a public event, and no protestors were arrested.
September 25, 2023: 26-year-old Tech CEO Pava LaPere was discovered dead, after bearing injuries from blunt force trauma, in her luxury Mount Vernon apartment. After being reported as missing, the EcoMap founder was found the following Monday morning. Several days later, police arrested the suspected killer, who had an extensive history of violent crime, including a rape/murder just days before he killed Pava LePere. The investigation is ongoing.
September 15, 2023: Three suspects accused of supporting the 2020 plot to kidnap Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer have been acquitted. The individuals had traveled to Gov. Whitmer’s holiday home where the kidnapping was supposed to occur to shoot a reconnaissance video but backed out of the plot when the plan turned violent. The three individuals were the last of the 14 suspects tried for the kidnapping plot, nine of whom have been found guilty.
September 26, 2023: Federal authorities indicted a Billings resident for making lethal threats against Senator Jon Tester (D-MT) and President Joe Biden in April 2023. The accused man has pleaded not guilty to the charges. This is at least the second recent federal case involving lethal threats against Sen. Tester so far this year.
September 6, 2023: A Buffalo County resident has been charged with stalking Kearney Police Chief Bryan Waugh The man is accused of stalking Mr. Waugh and his wife outside of their home. The individual has also been accused of threatening Kearney police officers and has previously been charged with making terroristic threats against the Kearney Law Enforcement Center in May 2023. The man is scheduled to be arraigned October 2, 2023.
September 29, 2023: A man was arrested and charged with murder for ordering the 1996 killing of rapper Tupac Shakur. Prosecutors say that he isn’t the accused gunman but is believed to be the person who orchestrated the killing. The man has admitted in previous interviews that he provided the weapon that was used in the shooting. Authorities have stated that the individual’s own public comments are what prompted them to reopen the investigation.
September 8, 2023: Four New Hampshire men have been charged in connection with the stalking of two journalists. The defendants targeted the two journalists due to their contributions to an article published in March 2022 alleging that former New Hampshire businessperson Eric Spofford engaged in sexual misconduct. The defendants allegedly vandalized the homes of the two journalists and the journalists’ immediate family. One of the defendants is known to be a “close personal associate” of Mr. Spofford. All four men are currently in custody and are awaiting trial.
September 6, 2023: The man who was arrested for stalking Drew Barrymore in August was arrested after entering a dressing area at a New York Fashion Week event and demanding to see British actress Emma Watson. He entered the event and was reportedly harassing staff members and screaming “I want to marry Emma Watson.” The man has been charged with two counts of trespassing and two counts of disorderly conduct.
• August 24, 2023: Police have arrested a man and charged him with stalking in the fourth degree for trying to discover Drew Barrymore’s address. Ms. Barrymore’s neighbors reported the suspect to police after he went door to door in Ms. Barrymore’s Southampton neighborhood asking residents where she lived. The arrest happened three days after the man rushed the stage in an attempt to talk to Barrymore at a public event. The man has previously been arrested in four different states for disorderly conduct, indecent exposure, and trespassing.
• August 21, 2023: Actress Drew Barrymore was escorted off stage during a 92Y interview when a man rushed the stage. The man stated, “I need to see you at some point while you’re in New York.” Security blocked him from going onstage and escorted him out of the event. Police were made aware of the event, but no arrest was made.
September 19, 2023: Members of the climate activist group Climate Defiance harassed and prevented Interior Deputy Secretary Tommy Beaudreau from entering a NYC Climate Week event. Climate Defiance’s opposition to Mr. Beaudreau is due to his support for the Willow Project, an oil drilling project on Alaska’s North Slope. Mr. Beaudreau was scheduled to give a speech at NYC Climate Week titled “Energizing America: Innovating Clean Energy Infrastructure for a Sustainable Future.”
September 28, 2023: The Mecklenburg Courthouse was evacuated following a bomb threat. Mecklenburg County Sheriff officials conducted a search and discovered no threat. Authorities reopened the building several hours later.
September 18, 2023: Two Houston residents have been sentenced for damaging property occupied by a foreign government. The individuals broke into the home of the British Consul General and stole two cars, jewelry, electronics, documents, and a safe. They have been sentenced to 30 months and 14 months in prison respectively. None of the residents were at home during the time of the robbery.
September 19, 2023: Orem Mayor David Young was assaulted by the daughter of a local reporter who had written critical articles about the mayor. Mr. Young was confronted by the woman after a City Council meeting in which he criticized the woman’s mother for coverage that he claimed unfairly targeted him. The woman was arrested and is facing charges of assault, disorderly conduct, propelling a bodily substance, and threatening elected officials.
September 1, 2023: A Randolph County man has been arrested after threatening an Elkins High School administrator over the phone. The individual said that he was going to “bury” the administrator over a disagreement with a school policy. The man stated to police that he had been drinking when he made the call and said it was a “misunderstanding.” He has been charged with phone harassment.
September 19, 2023: A man was arrested for stalking and harassment targeting a Wisconsin State Prosecutor who tried him for domestic violence in 2020. The man called the prosecutor over 300 times and made threatening comments. He also described a murder-suicide plan targeting the victim in the 2020 domestic violence case to the prosecutor. The man has an extensive criminal history with two DUI convictions and a domestic violence conviction in 2020.
Washington, District of Columbia
September 11, 2023: Multiple activists from the nonprofit group Health GAP were arrested for trespassing in the office of the former House Speaker. The activists were protesting the stoppage of funding for PEPFAR, the HIV/Aids relief program. U.S. Capitol Police removed the activists shortly after they entered the Speaker’s office. The Speaker of the House was not in his office at the time of the protest.
September 14, 2023: Prosecutors and FBI agents involved in the Hunter Biden investigation have reported harassment and receiving threats connected to the case. An FBI spokesperson stated that FBI agents have received twice as many threats from October 2022 to March 2023 than in the previous 12 months. The FBI has created a task force to investigate and mitigate the “unprecedented” number of threats made against FBI agents and facilities.
September 18. 2023: A motion to release the man arrested outside the Obamas’ D.C. residence with explosive materials has been denied. The man stated that he had a contract to kill Vice President Kamala Harris on social media in addition to the belief that he was waging war on the government. He stated on social media, “We have to kill them all,” in reference to government officials. The man is also a defendant in a wrongful death civil suit brought by the widow of the D.C. police officer who was killed during the January 6th insurrection.
• June 29, 2023: Police arrested a Seattle resident in former President Barack Obama’s D.C. neighborhood after claiming on social media that he had a detonator for an explosive. The man had an open warrant for his involvement in the January 6th U.S. Capitol attack and has been charged with being a fugitive from justice. Police recovered firearms and materials to make explosives from the man’s vehicle. While no motive has been confirmed by law enforcement, social media accounts associated with Taranto recently posted a link to a website touting conspiracy theories about the Obama family.
September 21, 2023: Capitol Police agents responsible for vetting threats made against members of Congress are inundated. Chief J. Thomas Manger has asked for additional funding for the department’s Threat Assessment Section, which is responsible for identifying any threats against members of Congress or their families. Chief Manger stated that threats against congressional officials have increased 300% over the last seven years and that agents are now responsible for investigating 500 threat investigations a year.
September 24, 2023: The Cuban Embassy was the target of a terrorist attack when two Molotov cocktails were thrown at the building. Embassy staff were not harmed in the attack. Law enforcement officials are investigating the incident, but no suspects have been released to the public.
September 28, 2023: Youth activists affiliated with the climate justice group the Sunrise Movement stormed the Speaker of the House’s office at the U.S. Capitol building. The activists were protesting the potential government shutdown and held signs that read “Climate action not shutdowns.” The protest group included approximately 25 teenage participants. 18 members of the group were arrested for their participation in the illegal demonstration.
September 15, 2023: The man who was arrested for stalking Sophie Monk was arrested again for showing up at the TV star’s manager’s office. He gained access to the building and attempted to talk to Ms. Monk’s manager who called the police. The individual was denied bail and has been charged with breaching an apprehended violence order.
• April 25, 2023: Police in Sydney apprehended a man waiting outside the home of Australian reality TV star, Sophie Monk. Police were called when the man arrived at her front door with a single red rose calling out her name. The man told police and media that he meant no harm and that he was the target of an elaborate scam that had led him to believe that he had been communicating with the star for several months. He claimed he had lost AUS$7,000 in the scam (USD$4,566).
September 7, 2023: The CEO of Ryanair Michael O’Leary was hit in the face with a pie by environmental protesters. Mr. O’Leary was in Brussels to present a petition to European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen. The protesters did not identify themselves or any affiliation with an environmental organization. Mr. O’Leary was uninjured, and the protesters were not arrested for their involvement.
September 9, 2023: Toronto police delayed the premiere of Lil Nas X’s documentary at the Toronto International Film Festival held at the Roy Thomson Hall after receiving a bomb threat. The premiere was delayed for 20 minutes as authorities confirmed that the threat lacked credibility. Subsequently, security conducted a thorough venue sweep, which yielded no concerning findings.
September 19, 2023: Canadian officials have stated that they are investigating a possible link between the murder of Hardeep Singh Nijjar and the Indian government. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau stated that he raised the issue with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the G20 but India has denied any involvement. India had designated Mr. Nijjar as a terrorist based on his activism related to the creation of an independent Sikh country in northern India.
• June 18, 2023: Hardeep Singh Nijjar was shot and killed outside a Sikh temple near Vancouver. India designated Nijjar as a terrorist in July 2020 for supporting an independent Sikh state in India’s Khalistan.
September 2, 2023: Authorities responded to a burglary at MMA fighter Ciryl Gane’s residence on Sept 2 in the Nogent-sur-Marne neighborhood of Paris. According to law enforcement, the suspect(s) gained entry by breaching the front door of the apartment. Overall damage and losses totaled approximately $162,000. Burglars have frequently employed the strategy of infiltrating the homes of professional athletes during their absences, exploiting insights gathered from social media and insider knowledge obtained from security personnel.
September 22, 2023: Around ten activists from Attac France and Extinction Rebellion breached the Paris–Le Bourget Airport on Sept 22 to denounce individuals who use private jets. The protesters asserted that they utilized a grinder to breach the tarmac’s security. The activists positioned bundles of straw in front of the gate and unfurled banners. As part of their campaign to reduce fossil fuel consumption, these activists focus on airports that serve executive travel.
September 14, 2023: Politician Aníbal Ramírez and his wife Mercy Morales were assassinated near the Guatemalan border with Mexico. Mr. Ramírez was a member of the Semilla Movement party which recently won the Presidency of Guatemala in a runoff election held in August 2023. No additional details about the killing have been released.
September 17, 2023: An Executive Engineer in the southern state of Karnataka, told leaders in the city of Shivamogga that he has received threatening phone calls linked to his investigations into illegal dredging activity. He refused to provide specifics regarding the threatening calls. Officials have blamed Illegal sand mining in Karnataka for eroding waterways and causing public water shortages. Illegal dredging and sand mining are traditionally linked to organized criminal and corrupt government activity.
September 3, 2023: Thieves stole a £500,000 ($628,000) Richard Mille watch from Formula One driver Carlos Sainz Jr. in Milan after the Italian Grand Prix. The incident occurred near the Armani Hotel in Milan. Sainz and his bodyguard chased down the suspects and caught them with the help of passers-by. Police arrived soon after to arrest the suspects.
September 19, 2023: Yoshikazu Higashitani admitted to online intimidation of celebrities during a trial hearing. Mr. Higashitani was indicted for threatening Japanese actor Go Ayano, Kimio Fukatani, and two others on his YouTube channel and Instagram. Mr. Higashitani has been charged with five counts of punishment of physical violence by chronic threatening.
• June 22, 2023: Former Japanese lawmaker Yoshikazu Higashitani was served an arrest warrant for online intimidation. He is suspected of intimidating Japanese celebrities on Instagram and the livestreaming platform TwitCasting allegedly stating “Think how critically damaging it would be for a celebrity to come to a trial,” and, “Doing this will make it hard for your wife and children to lead their lives.” Higashitani rose to prominence by posting videos about celebrity scandals on YouTube under the alias GaaSyy. He was stripped of his status as a lawmaker in March for not attending an Upper House session. A resident of the UAE, Higashitani was placed on an international wanted list in April and Japanese police arrested him in early June after returning to Japan.
September 15, 2023: Pop star Peso Pluma was forced to reschedule a concert set to be held in Tijuana due to death threats made against the singer. Four banners were displayed across Tijuana warning the singer to cancel his concert in mid-October. Pluma is known to praise drug kingpin “El Chapo” in his songs and investigators are attempting to determine if that is the reason for the threats made against the singer. Pluma has made no public comment regarding the threats and has rescheduled several of his upcoming U.S. shows.
September 11, 2023: A Dutch court has sentenced a former Pakistani cricketer to 12 years in prison on charges that he offered a bounty on Dutch lawmaker Geert Wilders. The cricketer was tried in absentia at a Dutch court and is believed to be in Pakistan which has no extradition treaty with the Netherlands. The former athlete did not appear in court and was not represented by a lawyer. Mr. Wilders is under 24-hour protection due to his historic criticism of Islam.
September 3, 2023: Russian Major-General Yuri Afanasevskii was rushed to a hospital following an assassination attempt by Ukraine’s Security Service. The assassination attempt was made via a bomb-rigged cellphone that detonated in the general’s hand. Afanasevskii was brought to a hospital with shrapnel wounds to his head, neck, and stomach. Luhansk officials have confirmed that the general survived and is recovering.
September 8, 2023: Climate activists in Spain vandalized a superyacht belonging to Walmart heiress Nancy Walton Laurie by splattering it with red paint in Barcelona. Individuals associated with Scientist Rebellion and Extinction Rebellion gained entry to Marina Port Vell at approximately 7 a.m. and proceeded to apply eco-friendly red paint to the superyacht and displayed a banner with the message, “Billionaires should not exist.” This incident marked the yacht’s second protest action, as it had previously been targeted by the climate action group Futuro Vegetal (Vegetable Future) on July 16 in Ibiza, Spain.
September 30, 2023: An unknown individual hurled a stone at singer Zuchu (Zuhura Othman Soud) during a performance at a pre-party show during the Wasafi Festival 2023 in Mbeya. Social media videos depict the object striking Zuchu in the face, prompting a brief delay in the performance. In recent months, several artists have encountered a diverse range of objects hurled at them while they were performing, such as phones, bracelets, and various other items.
September 6, 2023: A Liverpool man has pled guilty to assaulting a drag star known as The Vivienne. The man punched the drag star in the face at a McDonald’s restaurant on June 16, 2023, before fleeing the scene. A Newton hearing will be held in early December to determine the facts of the case. The prosecution is claiming the man engaged in a homophobic attack, which he denies.
September 15, 2023: A man who broke into Windsor Castle and intended to kill the Queen in 2021 apologized to the Royal family in a sentencing hearing. The man has a history of mental illness and is believed to be suffering from extreme psychosis according to his court-ordered psychiatrist. The man pleaded guilty to an offence under the Treason Act in February which carries a maximum sentence of 7 years in prison.
September 16, 2023: A man has been charged for scaling the wall into a building adjacent to Buckingham Palace. The man was also charged with attempted theft from a motor vehicle. No Royal Family members were at the palace at the time of the incident.